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HOW TO GROW PEAS | How to Grow Series

Growing Peas
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GROWING PEAS: garden peas are an easy-to-grow staple in most gardens……..plus, a printable growing guide! The very first thing you should know is that peas need well-drained, moderately fertile soils and a sunny location.

Pea Flower

How to Grow Peas

So when you are getting ready to plant your garden you will have the specifics on how to grow peas at your fingertips!

SNAP PEAS, SNOW PEAS, SHELLING PEAS:

Snap Peas have edible pods; need to shell

  • Snow Peas have flat edible pods
  • Shelling Peas must be shelled for the peas inside the pods

Fresh peas add a nice fresh addition to salads, vegetable trays, and side dishes. And, add needed nutrients to your daily diet!

For more nutritional information, please read:

How to Grow Peas is part of the Complete How to Grow Series!

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WE WILL COVER:

  1. Soils
  2. Sunlight
  3. Temperature
  4. Planting instructions
  5. Cold Hardiness
  6. Days to Germinate
  7. Thinning
  8. Trellis
  9. Days to Maturity
  10. Harvesting
  11. Storage Tips
  12. Plus, a few fresh Garden Pea recipes!

Find Your Zone:
FREE USDA Hardiness Zone Planting Guide

1. SOILS:

  • All peas need well-drained soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.5 (adjust to higher pH with wood ash or garden limestone)
  • Moist soils but not waterlogged
  • Garden Bed, Containers or Pots all work well
  • Just make sure to have at least 10 inches of soil in your containers 
  • Apply Organic All-Purpose Fertilizer

Depending on your geographic location, soils vary tremendously and need different soil amendments. It is easy to find out how to test your soil with this inexpensive soil tester from Amazon.  

[irp posts=”3584″ name=”HOW TO FIND THE PERFECT GARDEN SPOT | 6 EASY STEPS”]

2. SUNLIGHT:

Peas love full sun but can tolerate a little bit of shade; 6 Hours of full sun should be enough for a healthy crop.

3. TEMPERATURE: the best temperature for how to grow peas

Peas can be grown in all temperatures but they prefer cooler to moderate temperatures.

They do not tolerate hot weather so plant as early as possible and then again in the late summer or early fall for later harvest.

Sow your fall planting approximately 2 months before scheduled frosts for your area.

4. PLANTING:

Peas need to be planted as early in spring as soon as the soil can be worked.

Special Note: peas are nitrogen fixers. They grab nitrogen out of the air and fix it in the soil. Being members of the legume family, they help add this important nutrient to your garden soil. To increase their ability to fix nitrogen, add an Inoculant to the pea seed as you are planting.

  Specifics on Planting Peas:

  1. Plant in 3 inch wide bands
  2. 1/2 inch to 1 inch deep
  3. 2 inches apart in all directions
  4. Bush varieties can be sown in rows 12 to 18 inches  apart
  5. Trellis varieties need to be sown 4′ to 6′ apart
  6. 35 seeds will be planted approximately every foot
  7. Hand Weed or Mulch to suppress weeds

Keep soil moist but not wet and soggy.

girl in garden with watering can

French Watering Cans are especially useful.  

FOR COMPANION PLANTINGS:

Peas LOVE Beans, Corn, Carrots, Cucumber, Radishes Potatoes, Turnip BUT Peas DO NOT Like The Onion Family

♦Please Note: add this information to your Gardening Journal.

[irp posts=”3974″ name=”GARDEN SEED STARTING IDEAS: 10 Ways You Must Try”]

5. COLD HARDINESS:

Plant as early as the soil can be worked in the spring. All peas tolerate cool weather very well. Just watch for prolonged cold, damp weather as the seeds can rot.

6. DAYS to GERMINATE: approximately 7 days

Peas typically germinate in approximately 7 to 9 days   [irp posts=”4610″ name=”VEGETABLE GARDEN CROP ROTATION | Handy Garden Guide”]

7. THINNING: 

You should not have to thin your pea plants as the seeds are large enough to allow you to properly space them out when planting. Close wide band plantings allow plant to help support each other.  

8. TRELLIS for PEA PLANTS:

Peas are so much easier to pick if they have some type of trellis or support while growing.

 Tall Vining Peas need a trellis or some type of support. Chicken wire fencing, hog panels or stakes and string all work well for trellis’.

wire panels set up for a trellis for pea plants
Wire Panels and T-Stack make a great trellis for peas
 

9. DAYS to MATURITY: 

Dates vary but early peas mature in approximately 52 to 63 days

Peas mature at different rates due to the variety but generally can start to be harvest in approximately 52+ days.

10. HOW to HARVEST: 

  • Begin harvesting your peas as soon as the peas full out their shells or for snow peas as soon as they are large enough to pick
  • Carefully pulled tops of radishes and ease out the radish.
  • Wash of dirt then eat or store

11. STORAGE IDEAS: 

  • Wash and Store for fresh eating
  • Store in breathable package 
  • Refrigerator Crisper Draw
  • Up to 4 weeks
  • Or, quickly blanch and put in freezer bags, containers or jars for freezing

Ball Canning and Freezing Resource Book

12. RECIPE IDEAS for PEAS:

Fresh Pea Recipes Cold Pea Salad Frozen Pea Recipes

Do Not Forget to:

  • Simple Eating Fresh!
  • Adding to Healthy Garden Salads
  • Snap Peas and Snow Peas are Beautiful garnishes plus work very well on Vegetable Trays

HOW TO GROW PEAS | How to Grow Series

Pea Flower

Planting Shell Peas, Snow Peas and Snap Peas

Prep Time 1 hour
Active Time 1 month 5 days 14 hours
Total Time 1 month 5 days 15 hours
Difficulty Easy to Plant and Grow
Estimated Cost ♦Please Note: add this information to your Garden Journal

Materials

  • PEA SEEDS
  • Garden Soil or
  • Potting Soil
  • Organic Fertilizer
  • *Inoculant made especially for Peas (optional)

Tools

  • Trowel or Shovel

Instructions

1. SOILS:

  • All peas need well-drained soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.5 (adjust to higher pH with wood ash or garden limestone)
  • Moist soils but not waterlogged
  • Garden Bed, Containers or Pots all work well
  • Just make sure to have at least 10 inches of soil in your containers 

Depending on your geographic location, soils vary tremendously and need different soil amendments.

It is easy to find out how to test your soil an inexpensive soil tester kit

2. SUNLIGHT:

Peas love full sun but can tolerate a little bit of shade; 6 Hours of full sun should be enough for a healthy crop.

3. TEMPERATURE:

Peas can be grown in all temperatures but they prefer cooler to moderate temperatures.

They do not tolerate hot weather so plant as early as possible and then again in the late summer or early fall for later harvest.

Sow your fall planting approximately 2 months before scheduled frosts for your area.

4. PLANTING:

Peas need to be planted as early in spring as soon as the soil can be worked.

Specifics on Planting Peas:

  1. Plant in 3 inch wide bands
  2. 1/2 inch to 1 inch deep
  3. 2 inches apart in all directions
  4. Bush varieties can be sown in rows 12 to 18 inches apart
  5. Trellis varieties need to be sown 4' to 6' apart
  6. 35 seeds plants 1 foot
  7. Hand Weed or Mulch to suppress weeds

Radishes are fast growing so keep soil moist.

 5. COLD HARDINESS:

Plant as early as soil can be worked in the spring. All peas tolerate cool weather very well. Just watch for prolonged cold, damp weather as the seeds can rot. 

6. DAYS to GERMINATE: approximately 7 days

Peas typically germinate in approximately 7 to 9 days 

7. THINNING: 

You should not have to thin your pea plants as the seeds are large enough to allow you to properly space them out when planting. Close wide band plantings allow plant to help support each other.

8. TRELLIS for PEA PLANTS:

Peas are so much easier to pick if they have some type of trellis or support while growing.

  • Green Arrow Shell Peas
  • Sugar Ann Snap Peas (edible pea pods)
  • Dwarf Grey Pea Pods

 Tall Vining Peas need a trellis or some type of support. Chicken wire fencing, hog panels or stakes and string all work well for trellis'.

 9. DAYS to MATURITY: varies but early peas mature in approximately 52 to 63 days

Peas mature at different rates due to the variety but generally can start to be harvest in approximately 52+ days.

 10. HOW to HARVEST: 

  • Begin harvesting your peas as soon as the peas full out their shells or for snow peas as soon as they are large enough to pick
  • Carefully pulled tops of radishes and ease out the radish.
  • Wash of dirt then eat or store

11. STORAGE IDEAS: 

  • Wash and Store for fresh eating
  • Store in breathable package 
  • Refrigerator Crisper Draw
  • Up to 4 weeks
  • Or, quickly blanch and put in freezer bags, containers or jars for freezing

12. RECIPE IDEAS for PEAS:

  • Lightly Steamed and served with a little butter
  • Fresh Pea Salad with Carrots and light mayonnaise dressing
  • Saute with Chicken and served over rice or quinoa
  • Simply Eat Fresh!
  • Add Peas or Pea Pods to Healthy Garden Salads
  • Pea Pods make beautiful garnishes
  • Plus, work very well on Vegetable Trays!

Notes

*SPECIAL NOTE: Peas are nitrogen fixers. They grab nitrogen out of the air and fix it in the soil. Being members of the legume family, they help add this important nutrient to your garden soil.

To increase their ability to fix nitrogen, add an inoculant to the pea seed as you are planting. 

FOR COMPANION PLANTINGS: Peas LOVE Beans, Corn, Carrots, Cucumber, Radishes Potatoes, Turnip BUT Peas DO NOT Like The Onion Family


How to Grow Peas promo image

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