3-Year and 4-Year Vegetable Garden Crop Rotation Chart Information:
ALL PLANTS NEED:
Plants need good soil, good nutrients, water and sunlight. Nature provides the sunlight and rain, we provide additional water when necessary……so what about the soil?
In addition to soil additives, this simple Crop Rotation Chart demonstrates how to rotate your vegetable plants to fortify the soil! The Vegetable Gardener’s Bible is an extremely handy guide.
We can add things to the soil to build up the nutrient content; which is the basis for starting a healthy garden.
Depending on your geographic location, soils vary tremendously and need different soil amendments. It is easy to find out how to test your soil with this inexpensive soil tester from Amazon.
Examples of Natural Soil Amendments:
- peat moss for alkaline soils
- compost for nutrient depleted soils
- blood meal for added nitrogen
- green sand improves the soil structure
Overview of Crop Rotation:
Plants require varying amounts of minerals and nutrients to grow. Some plants are High Feeders, some are Low Feeders and then some are Givers!!!
Here is a super simple chart on Vegetable Garden Crop Rotation. I have followed the concept of this chart for decades…….
This simple chart is an easy-to-use reminder on how to rotate your garden plants year after year. Plan your planting schedule with this rotation cycle in mind.
The high feeders take the most out of the soil while the givers had nitrogen back into the soil .
⇒Low Feeders follow High Feeders and Givers Follow Low Feeders
Rotating your crops on an annual basis is also helpful in keeping down plant disease. But still keep an watchful eye on your plants to make sure they stay healthy.
3-Year Rotation Cycle: High Feeders ⇒ Low Feeders ⇒ Givers
High Feeders include:
- Brussel Sprouts
- Leafy Fruit
Low Feeders include:
- Root Crops
- Pole Beans
If you have the room, you may want to implement a 4-Year Rotation Cycle by adding in a year of rest each of the locations.
4-Year Rotation Cycle: High Feeders ⇒ Low Feeders ⇒ Givers ⇒ Rest or Cover Crop
And, then it is back to High Feeders and the cycle begins all over again. Not everyone has the space and time to implement the 4-year rotation program but if you do, your soil will thrive.
Good cover crop ideas for the 4-year cycle:
Green Manures are living growing plants that are turned under just before maturity in order to add a variety of nutrients back into the soil. Depending on your growing conditions and location, you will need to determine the best time to plant and turn your green manure back into the ground.
Organic matter is extremely beneficial in building a loamy, vibrant, healthy soil. This organic matter is what creates the fabulous growing environment for your garden vegetables.
Having a compost pile is a super way to create this FREE rich beneficial organic matter that will build this rich loamy soil.
Mulch is another excellent way to build a super complex living soil. Take a look on how to create rich garden soil by mulching.
I will be creating this Vegetable Garden Crop Rotation Chart as a printable download in the near future but just remember: